WRI produced a report on the investment environment and safeguards applicable to large-scale agricultural investments in Uganda. Considerably less international attention has been focused on Uganda, where the government has a history of allocating land for large-scale agricultural production. For example, media reports indicate that a deal is underway to lease 840,000 ha in Uganda (2.2% of the countrys farmland) to Egypt for wheat and maize production to be shipped back (Sharma 2008). It has also been widely reported that the government has allowed large-scale farming operations in a number of protected areas, including Butamira Forest Reserve and several Forest Reserves on Bugala Island (Veit et al. 2008).
This paper aims to help decision-makers better understand the following topics:
- The process through which investorswhether domestic or foreign, public or privateacquire agricultural land outside the protected estate2 in Uganda.
- The social and environmental safeguards applicable by law that are applied to this process.
- The social and environmental implications of actual recent large-scale land acquisitions and potential projects in areas of high risk for land acquisition because of their conservation value and suitability for biofuels production.